An electrician is a skilled tradesman specializing particularly in electrical wiring of commercial buildings, electrical transmission lines, power lines, and other such equipment. Electricians can also be employed in the repair and maintenance of existing electrical infrastructure or the installation of new electric-related components. Electrician’s job profile requires him to have expert knowledge about various types of wiring systems. Electrician develops, fabricates, and maintains the electrical system of any organization. Electrician is considered as an integral part of the construction process because he carries out wiring, installs devices such as circuit breakers and fuse boxes, and makes necessary adjustments.
Electrician ensures proper safety of people and property and prevent accidents by installing and repairing electrical power, communications, lighting, and control systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Electrician plays a vital role in all kinds of industrial processes. Electrician must possess adequate knowledge of technical safety measures such as installation of various electrical and electronic equipments, maintenance of appliances, handling of voltage and current controls, etc. Electrician also must be familiar with the different methods and utilities used in all kinds of industrial processes. Electrician reads blueprints and makes accurate measurements while installing electrical equipment.
Electrician plays an important role in the supply and distribution of power and also repairs old electric equipments. Electrician installs and repairs transformers, generators, motors, and many other electrical appliance. He can even install and repair high-voltage alternating current (HVAC) systems. Electrician provides the assistance to customers who cannot operate these appliances due to physical or medical condition. Electrician also repairs damaged mains, installs and repairs wiring, install safety and security devices, and make the necessary adjustments.
In United States, there are numerous organizations that provide training in this field. The American Intercontinental Electrician Association (IIAA) is one of the largest trade organizations in connection with the installation, repair and maintenance of commercial and residential electrical equipment. There are numerous other organizations that offer diploma and degree programs for journeyman electricians. Journeyman electricians can also take up training at a technical school that provides practical instruction.
Electrician training includes high-voltage electricity and low voltage training. Both the trainees are taught the basic job duties of installing, repairing, and maintaining electrical devices. For low voltage training, electricians are taught the basics of low voltage lighting fixtures and outlets, fuses and circuit breakers, electricity usage in low voltage appliances and construction materials, safety procedures for low voltage construction and installation, and basics of electricity usage in the home, office, and business applications. For diploma and degree programs, electricians learn about voltage regulation, construction methods for connecting and installing low voltage circuits, installation and troubleshooting low voltage lighting fixtures, fuses and circuit breakers, electricity usage in the home, office, and business applications, construction materials for installing and maintaining low voltage circuits, and electrical safety procedures for low voltage construction and installation.
Electrician trainees have to undergo on-the-job training to acquire the skills needed to do their jobs. For more details about the job requirements of an electrician, you may contact your local branch or visit its website. With the proper training and experience, journeyman electricians can find a lot of job opportunities both locally and nationally.